|Title||Colonel Ethan Allen|
|Faction||Green Moutain Boys|
|Location||New Hampshire Grants (later Vermont), America|
Ethan Allen is the leader of the Green Mountain Boys. He and his men appear in "Green Mountain Boys" when the capture British Fort Ticonderoga.
Historical Biography Edit
Ethan Allen (January 21, 1738 – February 12, 1789) was a farmer, businessman, land speculator, philosopher, writer, lay theologian, Revolutionary War patriot, and politician. He is best known as one of the founders of the U.S. state of Vermont, and for the capture of Fort Ticonderoga early in the American Revolutionary War alongside Benedict Arnold.
Born in rural Connecticut, Allen had a frontier upbringing but also received an education that included some philosophical teachings. In the late 1760s, he became interested in the New Hampshire Grants, buying land there and becoming embroiled in the legal disputes surrounding the territory. Legal setbacks led to the formation of the Green Mountain Boys, whom Allen led in a campaign of intimidation and property destruction to drive New York settlers from the Grants. When the Revolutionary War broke out, Allen and the Boys seized the initiative and captured Fort Ticonderoga in May 1775. In September of that same year, Allen led a failed attempt on Montreal that resulted in his capture by British authorities. First imprisoned aboard Royal Navy ships, he was eventually paroled in New York City, and finally released in a prisoner exchange in 1778.
Upon his release, Allen returned to the Grants (which had declared independence in 1777), and resumed political activity in the territory. Along with continuing resistance to New York's attempts to assert control over the territory, Allen was active in efforts by Vermont's leadership for recognition by Congress, and he even participated in controversial negotiations with the British over the possibility of Vermont becoming a separate British province.
Allen wrote accounts of his exploits in the war that were widely read in the 19th century, as well as philosophical treatises and documents relating to the politics of Vermont's formation. His business dealings included successful farming operations, one of Connecticut's early iron works, and land speculation in the Vermont territory. Land purchased by Allen and his brothers, Ira and Heman, included tracts of land that eventually became the city of Burlington, Vermont. He was twice married, and fathered eight children.